Dear friends and colleagues,
In case you have missed the last issue of the Journal of East-West Business, allow me to pitch these four interesting and pertinent papers:

"Foreign Direct Investment and the Role of Institutional Framework: Evidence from Greek Outward FDI", by Dimitris Giakoulas, Konstantina Louloudi, Constantina Kottaridi & Pantelis Pantelidis
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The present study analyses MNEs' internationalization's strategic motivation within different institutional and regulatory contexts through a study of Greek firms. Based on home country deficiencies, the study conceptualizes different internationalization motives in different regions, particularly CEECs and Western European countries. We use a unique database consisting of macro- and micro-level data covering the entire population of greenfield investments made from 2003 to 2019. Our analysis is based on Dunning and Lundan's eclectic paradigm. Empirical evidence resulting from a panel data analysis and the fixed effects method corroborates our conceptualization of dualism on FDI motivations among the regions. In addition, a significant role of investment freedom is identified, which, depending on the region, either reinforces or moderates the importance of firm efficiency.

"Regional Expansion of Emerging Market Banks: Evidence from the Middle East", by Canan Yildirim
& Belma Öztürkkal
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This study investigates challenges and opportunities that regionally expanding emerging market banks face. We focus on four leading Middle Eastern banks' internationalization trajectories and performances by employing a case study approach. We first examine the four banks' choices of target markets, entry sequencing, and entry modes over time and then analyze their entry strategies and post-entry financial performances in one of their key markets, Turkey. We show that the success of regional expansion strategies depends on parent bank characteristics such as scale and capital strength, strategic decisions regarding entry mode and timing, and host market structure and competitiveness.

"Australia's Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) and Potentiality of Wheat Exports: A Panel Gravity Model Approach" by Krishna P. Timsina & Richard Culas
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This paper estimates the trade creation and export diversion effects of different Australia's free trade agreements (FTAs) using the panel data from 1996 to 2017. The heteroscedasticity robust Regression Error Specification Test confirms the relevance of Poisson Pseudo Maximum Likelihood estimator over Ordinary Least Square estimator. Results showed that the total trade creation effects of FTAs in wheat trade is higher than Intra block export diversion. The exhausted wheat exports potentiality from Australia to the countries like Indonesia, Iraq, Japan, Korea, and the Philippines has suggested seeking for additional potential markets based on demand in the future.

"Determinants of Publicly-Listed Firms' Liquidity: Evidence from French and Taiwanese Banks" by
John Francis Diaz & Bastien Pauchet
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This study investigates the effects of 7 internal corporate factors on the liquidity of 30 French and 30 Taiwanese banks and uses the Quick Ratio (LIQ) as a liquidity proxy using quarterly data from 2012 to 2018. The analysis employs multiple linear panel regression models, namely, Ordinary Least Squares (OLS); and both Fixed Effects (FE), and Random Effects (RE) are used as robustness tests. This research examines financial leverage (LEV), size (SZ), return on total assets (ROTA), operating profit (OP), customer loans and bank loans (CLBL), return on equity (ROE), and working capital ratio (WCR) as possible factors influencing a bank's liquidity. Findings show that banks from both countries do not exhibit many similarities except that SZ positively affects LIQ. For French banks and all banks combined, LEV and ROTA have the same negative relationship with LIQ, whereas WCR has a positive relationship. However, these ratios do not show any significance for Taiwanese banks. Bigger French banks mostly show different results from smaller French banks. LEV and ROE positively affect LIQ, and WCR negatively affects LIQ for bigger French banks, while the opposite is true for smaller French banks. However, both LIQ is negatively influenced by ROTA. Bigger Taiwanese banks show a similar and negative influence of CLBL and WCR on LIQ with smaller Taiwanese banks. This paper provides original empirical evidence in examining financial factors that management can use to better understand changes in a bank's liquidity. It also contributes to the literature by understanding the different effects of corporate variables on the liquidity of French and Taiwanese banks.

Happy reading :)

Prof. Dr. Desislava Dikova
WU | Vienna University of Economics and Business | IB Institute
Head of Competence Center for Emerging Markets and CEE

Editor in Chief Journal of East-West Business
Associate Editor European Management Review
Associate Editor Journal of International Management
European International Business Academy national representative (Austria)

Welthandelsplatz 1, D1, floor 5
A-1020 Vienna, Austria

phone: +43 1 313 36 / 5480; + 43 676 821 35 480
fax: +43 1 313 36 / 905015
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