*Special issue of Industry and Innovation*

*“Location, Collocation and Innovation across National Borders:*

*Connecting the International Business, Economic Geography
and Innovation Communities”*

extended submission deadline (Full paper): *31 JANUARY 2016*

*Guest Editors*

*Ram Mudambi*, Fox School of Business, Temple University (USA), *Rajneesh
Narula*, Henley Business School, University of Reading (UK), and *Grazia D.
Santangelo*, University of Catania (Italy)

The distribution of economic value creating activities across space has
intrigued scholars since at least the nineteenth century. Over the course
of the last century, this phenomenon has been studied from different
perspectives with economic geographers and regional scientists leading the
trend. The growing interest in geography in the international business
community is reflected in a number of special issues in IB journals. This
special of Industry and Innovation seeks to expand the understanding of
cross-border innovative activities along at least two dimensions.

First, traditionally international business scholars have focused on the
organization of economic activities and less so on the characteristics of
places (Beugelsdijk et al., 2010). In other words, economic geography has
focused on the location, while international business scholars have
examined the (multinational) firm. Second, the recent debate on the
propensity of firms to collocate innovative activity remains lively. In
particular, multinationals face collocation advantages and disadvantages
when crossing international borders and selecting host locations (Narula
and Santangelo, 2009, 2012). On the one hand, multinationals may wish to
collocate with unaffiliated firms (e.g. suppliers, competitors, or
customers) to internalize L-advantages in order to enhance and create
firm-specific advantages. On the other, firms may either deliberately avoid
collocating (Alcacer, 2006) or resort to strategies to monitor collocated
partners (Narula and Santangelo, 2009) in order to limit dissipation of
unintended knowledge flows. Both collocation advantages and disadvantages
are not automatic and critically depend on the public goods nature of the L
advantages to be internalized, the level of competition, MNC technological
leadership and insidership in the host location (Alcacer, 2006; Alcacer and
Chung, 2007; Cantwell and Mudambi, 2011). Embeddedness in multiple local
contexts creates opportunities, but also raises challenges, particularly in
terms of stressing the bandwidth of managers who must handle the increasing
complexity (Meyer et al., 2011). We are still missing a clear picture and a
full understanding of the boundary conditions of collocation advantages and

This special issue intends to offer a further forum bridging the
international business community with economic geography, and start a new
forum where these two communities could connect with innovation scholars.
The ultimate aim is to achieve a fruitful cross-fertilization of the three
fields in order to gain a more comprehensive knowledge of the
organizational and geographical dimension of
cross-border innovative activities.

The special issue welcomes both theoretical and empirical contributions,
which draw on different theoretical streams. Research adopting a variety of
research methodologies is welcome, including qualitative, quantitative, and
mixed- method approaches. Empirical studies should explicitly contribute to
a theoretical agenda, and preferably be based on novel and exclusive data.
Papers that are primarily descriptive are not welcome. Possible topics and
research questions that would be appropriate for this special section would
include, but would not be limited to, the following list:

1. What are the implications of the rise of knowledge-intensive intangibles
for MNEs’ location and organizational strategies? Does this phenomenon
provide new advantages for international new ventures? Does the rise of
knowledge-intensive intangibles shift collocation advantage in
disadvantages and vice versa?

2. Do MNEs exposed to multiple sources of knowledge dissipation need new
strategies to protect their ownership advantages? Is modularity a panacea?

3. Would the nature of collocation advantages and/or disadvantages MNEs
face in emerging markets be different than in advanced economies? Would the
boundary conditions for collocation advantages be different in emerging
market clusters?

*Submission Process*

Manuscripts of a maximum of 6,000 words should be prepared in accordance
with Industry and Innovation guidelines and submitted by *JANUARY 31, 2016* via
the online journal submission system by selecting this special issue title.


Alcacer, J. 2006. “Location Choices across the Value Chain: How Activity
and Capability Influence Collocation.” Management Science 52: 1457–1471.

Alcacer, J., and W. Chung. 2007. “Location strategies and knowledge
spillovers.” Management Science 53: 760–776.

Beugelsdijk, S., P. McCann, and R. Mudambi. 2010. “Introduction: Place,
space and organization— economic geography and the multinational
enterprise.” Journal of Economic Geography 10: 485–493.

Cantwell, J. A., and R. Mudambi. 2011. “Physical attraction and the
geography of knowledge sourcing in multinational enterprises.” Global
Strategy Journal 1: 206–232.

Meyer, K., R. Mudambi, and R. Narula. 2011. “Multinational enterprises and
local contexts: The opportunities and challenges of multiple embeddedness.”
Journal of Management Studies 48: 235–252.

Narula, R., and G. D. Santangelo. 2009. “Location, collocation and R&D
alliances in the European ICT industry.” Research Policy 38: 393–403.

Narula, R., and G. D. Santangelo. 2012. “Location and collocation
advantages in international innovation.” Multinational Business Review 20:

Professor Grazia Santangelo
Jean Monnet Chair International Business for European Union (IB4EU)
Department of Political and Social Science
University of Catania
Via Vittorio Emanuele II, 8
95131 Catania


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