Special Issue of the Journal of International Business Studies





Special Issue Editors:


·         Gary Knight (Willamette University, USA, [log in to unmask])

·         Peter Liesch (University of Queensland, Australia,
[log in to unmask])

·         Lianxi Zhou (Brock University, Canada, [log in to unmask])

·         Rebecca Reuber (University of Toronto, Canada,
[log in to unmask])


Deadline for submission: November 16, 2015


Tentative publication date:   Spring 2017




The goal of this special issue of JIBS is to encourage research that deepens
knowledge of the creation and capture of entrepreneurial opportunities
across national borders by diverse organizational types such as
international new ventures (INVs), born global firms, micro-multinationals,
corporate entrepreneurs, family businesses, and social and non-profit
ventures (e.g., Arregle, Naldi, Nordqvist & Hitt, 2012; Coviello & Jones,
2004; Knight & Cavusgil, 2004; Oviatt & McDougall, 1994; McDougall & Oviatt,
2000; Zahra, 2005; Zahra & George, 2002; Zahra, Newey & Li, 2014).  


International entrepreneurship has been defined as “the discovery,
enactment, evaluation, and exploitation of opportunities – across national
borders – to create future goods and services” (Oviatt & McDougall, 2005:
7).  Recent commentaries on the field (e.g. Cavusgil & Knight, 2015;
Coviello, 2015; Jones, Coviello & Tang, 2011; Keupp & Gassmann, 2009;
Mathews & Zander, 2007; Zander, McDougall-Covin & Rose, 2015) have urged
scholars to move beyond current understandings of early and accelerated
internationalization through richer theoretical and empirical investigations
of international entrepreneurship. There has long been consensus that the
pursuit of opportunity is the core of entrepreneurship (e.g. Knight, 1921;
Schumpeter, 1939; Shane & Venkataraman, 2000), whether opportunities are
discovered or created (Alvarez, Barney & Anderson, 2013).   Scholars have
identified important processes in this pursuit, including processes related
to cognition (e.g. Grégoire, Barr & Shepherd, 2010), effectuation (e.g.
Sarasvathy, 2001), and bricolage (e.g. Baker & Nelson, 2005; Garud & Karnoe,
2003), and an opportunity-focused perspective is being extended to
international entrepreneurship (e.g. Bingham, 2009; Jones & Casulli, 2014;
Mainela, Puhakka & Servais, 2014; Sarasvathy, Kumar, York & Bhagavatula,

Scholarship that integrates perspectives from entrepreneurship and
international business, or spans disciplinary boundaries, can create new
perspectives or frameworks that improve our understanding of the creation
and capture of opportunities across national borders. We invite submissions
that advance international business theory in this domain and, ideally, that
also contribute to the entrepreneurship literature.



Possible Research Topics 

The proposed special issue focuses on the creation and capture of
entrepreneurial opportunities across national borders. We seek papers that
advance theoretical perspectives and provide valuable insights and new
knowledge to enrich international entrepreneurship scholarship, and also
that guide practitioners and policy-makers.  We invite submissions from
scholars who, individually or collectively, draw on varied theoretical
perspectives, adopt diverse empirical approaches, and investigate at
multiple levels of analysis.  We particularly encourage submissions that
provide conceptual clarity of international entrepreneurship as pursued by
different types of market actors, and those that provide new empirical
contributions.  Well-conceived submissions antithetical to this domain are
welcome too, provided they make a meaningful contribution to the
international business field more generally.  Examples of appropriate topics
and research questions include, but are not limited to, the following:


·         How can perspectives from entrepreneurship and international
business be integrated to create new perspectives or frameworks to enrich an
opportunity-based understanding of international entrepreneurship, and unify
and improve heterogeneous constructs and operational definitions?


·         What processes are involved in the creation and capture of
entrepreneurial opportunities across national borders?   What accounts for
variance in these processes and their outcomes?  What is the role in such
processes of key IB concepts such as psychic distance, risk, uncertainty, or
transnational communities?


·         How does the pursuit of international opportunities vary across
categories of individuals?  What new concepts, relationships or processes
are important in understanding the cognitions, behaviors and/or outcomes
associated with the pursuit of international opportunities by focal
categories of entrepreneurs (for example, immigrant entrepreneurs, ethnic
entrepreneurs, transnational entrepreneurs or women entrepreneurs)?  


·         How does the pursuit of international opportunities vary across
categories of organizations?  What new concepts, relationships or processes
are important in understanding the cognitions, behaviors and/or outcomes
associated with the pursuit of international opportunities by focal
categories of organizations (for example startups, corporations, SMEs,
family businesses, social ventures, not-for-profit ventures, governmental
agencies, or non-governmental organizations)?


·         How are organizations managing the challenges of early and/or
accelerated internationalization in pursuing international opportunities?
How do such firms manage costs, uncertainty and risks in such environments?
How do they overcome inherent liabilities to be perceived as legitimate and
reputable?  What are their subsequent trajectories?  We particularly welcome
research in this area on firms in emerging, rapid-growth and less-developed
economies, and from disciplines that have been under-represented to-date
such as human resource management, finance, accounting, operations and
policy studies. 


·         How do advanced technologies and digitization provide new and
enhanced prospects to create and capture international opportunities?  How
does the sociomateriality of technologies impact interactions among market
actors, and, for example, overcome the challenges of lack of a local
presence?  What are trade-offs between scale and adaptation? 


·         How do cultures and institutions, such as governments,
regulations, and industries, affect market and nonmarket approaches to the
pursuit of international opportunities, and, in turn, how do entrepreneurial
activities affect cultural and institutional contexts?  What institutional
policies and practices impact, or are impacted by, the pursuit of
international opportunities?  How does entrepreneurial internationalization
vary across different cultural and institutional environments?



Submission Process

All manuscripts will be reviewed as a cohort for this special issue.
Manuscripts must be submitted in the window between November 2, 2015, and
November 16, 2015, at  All submissions
will go through the JIBS regular double-blind review process and follow the
standard norms and processes.


For more information about this call for papers, please contact the Special
Issue Editors or the JIBS Managing Editor ([log in to unmask]).



Alvarez, S.A., Barney, J.B., & Anderson, P. 2013.  Forming and exploiting
opportunities:  The implications of discovery and creation processes for
entrepreneurial and organizational research.  Organization Science, 24(1):


Arregle, J-L., Naldi, L., Nordqvist, M., & Hitt, M.A. 2012.
Internationalization of family-controlled firms: A study of the effects of
external involvement in governance.  Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice,
36(6): 1115-1143.


Baker, T., & Nelson, R. 2005.  Creating something from nothing: Resource
construction through entrepreneurial bricolage.  Administrative Science
Quarterly, 50(3): 329-366.

Bingham, C. 2009.  Oscillating improvisation: How entrepreneurial firms
create success in foreign market entries over time.  Strategic
Entrepreneurship Journal, 3(4): 321-345.

Cavusgil, S.T., & Knight, G. 2015.  The born global firm:  An
entrepreneurial and capabilities perspective on early and rapid
internationalization.  Journal of International Business Studies, 46(1):

Coviello, N. 2015.  Re-thinking research on born globals.  Journal of
International Business Studies, 46(1): 17-26.

Coviello, N., & Jones, M. 2004.  Methodological issues in international
entrepreneurship research.  Journal of Business Venturing, 19(4): 485–508. 

Garud, R., & Karnoe, P. 2003.  Bricolage versus breakthrough: Distributed
and embedded agency in technology entrepreneurship.  Research Policy, 32:

Grégoire, D.A., Barr, P.S., & Shepherd, D.A. 2010.  Cognitive process of
opportunity recognition:  The role of structural alignment.  Organization
Science, 21(2): 413-431.

Jones, M.V., & Casulli, L. 2014.  International entrepreneurship:  Exploring
the logic and utility of individual experience through comparative reasoning
approaches.  Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 38(1): 45-69.

Jones, M. V., Coviello, N., & Tang, Y. K. 2011.  International
entrepreneurship research (1989-2009): A domain ontology and thematic
analysis.  Journal of Business Venturing, 26(6): 632-659.

Keupp, M., & Gassmann, O. 2009.  The past and the future of international
entrepreneurship: A review and suggestions for developing the field.
Journal of Management, 35(5): 600-633. 

Knight, G., & Cavusgil, S.T. 2004.  Innovation, organizational capabilities,
and the born global firm.  Journal of International Business Studies, 35(2):


Knight, F.H. 1921.  Risk, Uncertainty and Profit.  New York:  Houghton


Mainela, T., Puhakka, V., & Servais, P. 2014. The concept of international
opportunity in international entrepreneurship:  A review and research
agenda.  International Journal of Management Reviews 16(1): 105-129.

Mathews, J., & Zander, I. 2007.  The international entrepreneurial dynamics
of accelerated internationalization.  Journal of International Business
Studies, 38(3): 387-403.

McDougall, P., & Oviatt, B. 2000.  International entrepreneurship: The
intersection of two research paths.  Academy of Management Journal, 43(5):

Oviatt, B., & McDougall P. 1994.  Toward a theory of international new
ventures.  Journal of International Business Studies, 25(1): 45–64.


Oviatt, B. & McDougall, P. 2005.  The internationalization of
entrepreneurship.  Journal of International Business Studies, 36(1): 2-8.


Sarasvathy, S.D. 2001.  Causation and effectuation:  Toward a theoretical
shift from economic inevitability to entrepreneurial contingency.  Academy
of Management Review, 26(2): 243-263.


Sarasvathy, S., Kumar, K., York, J.G., & Bhagavatula, S. 2014.  An effectual
approach to international entrepreneurship: Overlaps, challenges, and
provocative possibilities.  Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 38(1):


Schumpeter, J.A. 1939.  Business cycles:  A Theoretical, Historical, and
Statistical Analysis of the Capitalist Process.  New York: McGraw-Hill.


Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. 2000.  The promise of entrepreneurship as a
field of research.  Academy of Management Review, 25(1): 217-226.


Zahra, S. 2005.  A theory of international new ventures: A decade of
research.  Journal of International Business Studies, 36(1): 20–28.

Zahra, S., & George, G. 2002.  International entrepreneurship: The current
status of the field and future research agenda. In M. Hitt, R. Ireland, M.
Camp, & D. Sexton (Eds.) Strategic leadership: Creating a new mindset:
255–288. London: Blackwell.

Zahra, S., Newey, L., & Li, Y. 2014.  On the frontiers:  The implications of
social entrepreneurship for international entrepreneurship.
Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 38(1): 137-158.


Zander, I., McDougall-Covin, P., & Rose, E.L. 2015.  Born globals and
international business: Evolution of a field of research.  Journal of
International Business Studies, 46(1): 27-35.


Special Issue Editors

Gary Knight is the Helen Jackson Chair in International Management at
Willamette University in Salem and Portland, Oregon, USA, and Visiting
Professor at the University of Southern Denmark.  He is Chair of the Western
United States Chapter of the Academy of International Business.  He has
published widely on born globals and international entrepreneurship,
including several articles in JIBS.  His 2004 co-authored article on born
globals won the 2014 JIBS Decade Award.  Co-authored books include Born
Global Firms: A New International Enterprise.  He is currently an editor of
the International Business book collection at Business Expert Press.  He
testified on firm internationalization before the US House of
Representatives Small Business Committee.  He was inaugural Chair of the
“SMEs, Entrepreneurship, and Born Global” track of the Annual Meeting of the
Academy of International Business.  His co-authored textbook with S. Tamer
Cavusgil and John Riesenberger, International Business: Strategy,
Management, and the New Realities, 3rd Ed, is published by Pearson
Prentice-Hall.  His PhD in international business is from Michigan State
University.  Prior to academia, he was the export manager of an
internationalizing SME.  


Peter Liesch is Professor of International Business in the UQ Business
School at The University of Queensland, Australia.  He has published
extensively on small firm internationalization and born global firms.  He
co-edited a special issue on early internationalization at the Journal of
World Business, and jointly won an Australia Research Council Grant on born
globals.  Funded by the Australia Business Foundation, he jointly produced
Born to be Global: A Closer Look at the International Venturing of
Australian Born Global Firms.  His publications have appeared in the Journal
of International Business Studies, Journal of the Academy of Marketing
Science, Journal of World Business, and others.  Currently Associate Editor,
Strategy and International Business with the Australian Journal of
Management, he was also Senior Editor of the Journal of World Business.  He
served as Vice-President (Administration) of the Academy of International
Business and Vice-President of the Australia and New Zealand International
Business Academy.  A Fellow of the Australian Institute of Management and a
Professional Member of the Economics Society of Australian (Qld) Inc., his
Ph.D. is from the School of Economics at The University of Queensland.

Lianxi Zhou is Professor of Marketing and International Business in the
Goodman School of Business (GSB) at Brock University, Canada.  He is also a
Visiting Professor at the Nottingham University Business School (NUBS)
China, and has served as Chair Professor in the School of Management and
Economics at Shaoxing University and Honorary Professor in the MBA School of
Management Zhejiang Gongshang University, China. Previously he taught at the
University of Guelph, Canada and Lingnan University in Hong Kong. His recent
research on international entrepreneurship has focused on born globals and
international new ventures. He brings perspectives from international
marketing, entrepreneurship, and IB theories to the study of international
entrepreneurship. He has published extensively in refereed journals,
including Journal of International Business Studies, Journal of Business
Venturing, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, International
Business Review, Journal of International Marketing, Journal of World
Business, and others. Also, he has taught for MBA and EMBA programs in a
number of leading universities across Canada, Hong Kong, and the Chinese
Mainland. He is currently in the Editorial Board for the Journal of
International Marketing. He received his PhD in Marketing from Concordia
University in Montreal, Canada. 

Rebecca Reuber is Professor of Strategic Management at the University of
Toronto’s Rotman School of Management, and Area Editor for International
Entrepreneurship at JIBS.  Her recent IE research has focused on the
internationalization of internet-based new ventures.   She sits on the
editorial boards of Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
Theory & Practice, and recently completed three terms as Associate Editor at
Family Business Review.  She has held visiting positions at the University
of Adelaide, the University of Glasgow, the University of Victoria, The
Australian National University, and Dartmouth College.  She has also
conducted policy-oriented research in the international entrepreneurship
area, in collaboration with the Conference Board of Canada, Industry Canada,
the Department of Foreign Affairs & International Trade Canada, and the
Commonwealth Secretariat.  




Anne Hoekman

Managing Editor, Journal of International Business Studies


JIBS Editorial Office

Academy of International Business

Michigan State University

Tel: +1-517-481-3518

Fax: +1-517-432-1009

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