Dear Members of the World Investment Network
It is my pleasure to share with you the
special issue of UNCTAD's
Global Investment Trend Monitor
which focuses on BRICS FDI and Africa. This special edition is launched
on the occasion of the 5th BRICS Summit on 26 and 27 March in Durban, South
Africa, with the theme “BRICS and Africa: Partnership for development,
integration, and industrialization.” The key findings are as follows:
BRICS have emerged as major recipients of
FDI and important outward investors. Over the past decade, FDI inflows
to BRICS tripled to US$263 billion in 2012. Their share in world FDI flows
kept rising even during the crisis, reaching 20% in 2012, up from 6% in
2000. BRICS countries have also become important investors: their outward
FDI has risen from US$7 billion in 2000 to US$126 billion in 2012, or 9%
of world flows - ten years ago, their share was only 1%.
Overseas investment by BRICS countries is
mainly in search of markets in developed countries or in the context of
regional value chains. 42% of BRICS outward FDI stock is in developed countries,
with 34% in the EU alone. Some 43% of BRICS outward FDI stock is in respective
neighbouring countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, East Asia, South
Asia and transition economies.
FDI linkages between BRICS countries themselves
are still limited, although intra-BRICS FDI has grown faster than flows
to non-BRICS over the past decade. The share of BRICS partners in the combined
outward FDI stock of the BRICS grouping increased from 0.1% to 2.5%. Among
BRICS countries, South Africa shows the largest share of intra-BRICS investment.
In 2011, one fifth of the outward investment stock of South Africa
was concentrated in other BRICS countries, mainly China.
BRICS countries are becoming significant
investors in Africa, including in manufacturing and services. Although
Africa accounts for only 4% of BRICS FDI outflows, BRICS countries have
joined the ranks of top investing countries in Africa. In 2010, the share
of BRICS in FDI inward stock to Africa reached 14% and their share in inflows
reached 25%. The share of BRICS in Africa’s total value of greenfield
projects rose from 19% in 2003 to almost one quarter in 2012. Most BRICS
FDI projects in Africa are in manufacturing and services. 26% of the value
of projects and 10% of the number of projects is in the primary sector.
Investment and Enterprise
Palais des Nations, Geneva