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The Multinational Business Review

Special Issue on Environmentally responsible management and international

Guest Editors: Chang Hoon Oh, Simon Fraser University

Byung Il Park, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies

Submission deadline: July 1, 2013


Purpose and research questions

Research on international competitiveness has been rigorously researched in
the last three decades, as the phenomenon itself was spurred on by the
extensive international involvement of multinational enterprises (MNEs).
While strong firm- and subsidiary-specific advantages enhance MNEs'
international competitiveness, they should consider host country/region
competitiveness, as well as home country competitiveness, for their success
in internationalization (Rugman and D'Cruz, 1994; Rugman et al., 2012). Kolk
(2010), in an earlier issue of this journal, illustrated how environmental
sustainability issues can affect MNEs' local, regional and global activities
and when sustainability can be an opportunity for the development of firm
specific advantages.


While managers, policy makers and the media have acknowledged that
environment issues are one of the biggest concerns and challenges of
businesses in the future, it is still unclear how environmentally
responsible management (ERM) practices can become an additional dimension of
firms' international competitiveness (or firm-specific advantages). It is
also unclear how the nation's interest in regard to the environment enhances
or weakens the competitiveness of the nation. For example, the pollution
haven hypothesis notes that manufacturing and natural resource extraction
firms relocate their operations from developed to less developed countries
in order to take advantage of weak environmental regulations (Brunnermeier
and Levison, 2004; Madsen, 2009; Jaffe and Palmer, 1997). The pollution
haven hypothesis implies that environmentally responsible business practices
do not provide international competitiveness as long as firms can find
alternative places to locate their operations. On the other hand, an
alternative win-win strategy (Porter, 1991; Porter and Van der Linde, 1995;
Palmer et al., 1995) underlines the dynamic nature of competition,
innovation and customer needs and suggests that properly designed
environmental regulations can enhance a country's competitiveness to promote
business and attract good quality investment (Rivera and Oh, 2012). The
win-win strategy views environmentally responsible business practices as
eventually increasing international competitiveness. Thus, environmentally
responsible MNEs do not need to exploit weak environmental regulations of a
host country as these MNEs already have strong environmental capabilities
(Rugman and Verbeke, 1998).


A recent study (Aguilera-Caracuel et al., 2012) found that corporate
environmental practices in a host country depend upon country- and
firm-level characteristics. The purpose of this special issue is to provide
an avenue for modern competitiveness thinking that focuses on environmental
responsibility among the many aspects of corporate social responsibility. We
believe that significant opportunities exist for improving our understanding
of how ERM affects MNEs' international competitiveness and, thus, we would
like to use these opportunities to advance theories of MNEs. This special
issue provides an opportunity through which to bring together the research
of scholars from a diverse range of disciplinary traditions, such as
international business, strategy, economics, political science, and
sociology. As a consequence, we expect that contributors will leverage their
own perspectives and training in order to formulate and address novel
research questions and hypotheses. We seek both theoretical and empirical
papers that may address, but are not limited to, the following list of
potential research questions:


*	How do MNEs transform home-grown ERM practices into international


*	What are the country- and firm-level boundary conditions of ERM
induced international competitiveness?


*	Do MNEs' ERM practices function as a catalyst, enhancing
international competitiveness and organizational performance in foreign


*	How do MNEs manage the various needs of ERM in host countries and
align MNE- and subsidiary-level ERM practices?


*	Do environmentally responsible and green firms have advantages in
foreign market entry and expansion? Is there any heterogeneity across the
level of economic and social developments in a host country and across


*	Does good corporate image derived from ERM practices play a pivotal
role in acquiring local market information and eventually improving
organizational competitiveness in international markets?


*	What motivates ERM practices in foreign markets? Is there any
particular relationship between the level of foreign ownership and ERM
practices abroad?


*	How do MNEs adapt themselves to host country ERM practices and
regulations over time? What factors retard this adaptation? Does this
adaptation increase the MNEs capabilities over their competitors?


*	Do foreign firms' advanced environmental capabilities affect a host
country's ERM practices and regulations?


*	How do MNEs transform environmental capability to firm-specific
advantages under the institutional void (i.e. in least developed countries)?


*	How should we measure environmental capability and performance of


Submission Instructions:

The deadline for submissions is July 1, 2013. To learn more about the
Multinational Business Review, including style guidelines, please visit the
Multinational Business Review web site at:

All submissions will be subject to the regular double-blind peer review
process at the Multinational Business Review. The guest editors are seeking
reviewers for this issue and are soliciting nominations and volunteers to
participate as reviewers. Please contact the guest editors to volunteer or
nominate a reviewer.


More information

To obtain additional information, please contact the guest editors:

Chang Hoon Oh, Simon Fraser University ([log in to unmask])

Byung Il Park, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies ([log in to unmask])



Aguilera-Caracuel, J., Aragon-Correa, J.A., Hurtado-Torres, N.E. and Rugman,
A.M. (2012), ''The effects of institutional distance and headquarters'
financial performance on the generation of environmental standards in
multinational companies'', Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 105, pp. 461-74.


Brunnermeier, S.B. and Levison, A. (2004), ''Examining the evidence on
environmental regulations and industry location'', Journal of Environment
and Development, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 6-41.


Jaffe, A.B. and Palmer, K. (1997), ''Environmental regulations and
innovation: a panel data study'',Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 79
No. 4, pp. 610-19.


Kolk, A. (2010), ''Social and sustainability dimensions of regionalization
and (semi)globalization'',Multinational Business Review, Vol. 18 No. 1, pp.


Madsen, P.M. (2009), ''Does corporate investment drive a race to the bottom
in environmental protection? A reexamination of the effect of environmental
regulation on investment'', Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 52 No. 6,
pp. 1297-318.


Palmer, K., Oates, W.E. and Portney, P.R. (1995), ''Tightening environmental
standards: the benefit-cost of the no-cost paradigm?'', Journal of Economic
Perspectives, Vol. 9 No. 4, pp. 119-32.


Porter, M.E. (1991), ''America's green strategy'', Scientific American, Vol.
264 No. 4, pp. 168.


Porter, M.E. and van der Linde, C. (1995), ''Toward a new conception of the
environment-competitiveness relationship'', Journal of Economic
Perspectives, Vol. 9 No. 4, pp. 97-118.


Rivera, J. and Oh, C.H. (2012), ''Environmental regulations and
multinational corporations' foreign market entry investments'', Policy
Studies Journal, forthcoming.


Rugman, A.M. and D'Cruz, J.R. (1993), ''The double diamond model of
international competitiveness: the Canadian experience'', Management
International Review, Vol. 33 No. 2, pp. 17-39.


Rugman, A.M., Oh, C.H. and Lim, D.S.K. (2012), ''The regional and global
competitiveness of multinational firms'', Journal of the Academy of
Marketing Science, Vol. 40 No. 2, pp. 218-35.


Rugman, A.M. and Verbeke, A. (1998), ''Corporate strategy and international
environmental policy'',Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 29
No. 4, pp. 819-33.


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