The Doctoral Program in Organization and Management Education

An Interuniversity Graduate School Collaboration of Five Danish Universities


Maastricht University

School of Business and Economics


7th Masterclass / Conference:

Global and Cross-Cultural Management

Lectures & discussion sessions

Foundations of Cross Cultural Management Research

Past, Current & Future Trends of C.C. Mgt. Research

Research/PhD. projects/papers Presentations & Feedback

Guest Lecturers include:

Geert Hofstede, Mark F Peterson, Gert Jan Hofstede, and Michael Minkov


Mikael Søndergaard, Aarhus University

Martin Carree, Maastricht University

Time and Place:

13-18 June, 2011

School of Business and Economics

Maastricht University

Tongersestraat 53

6211 LM Maastricht

The Netherlands

Application and Fee:

Please apply before April 29, 2011 to: Anita Weijzen, A2.16, SBE, Maastricht University, Department of Organization and Strategy, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. E-mail: [log in to unmask] . A fee will of 450 Euros be charged. Inexpensive student accommodation is available. 


Further Information: and

Purpose and Content

 This PhD workshop and conference aims at creating a stimulating and relevant learning environment providing the participants with a background and perspective for carrying out empirical cross cultural management studies about a broad array of issues. Newcomers to the field are likely to find the PhD master class and its readings useful as a basic introduction to classic perspectives and key publications in the field. Advanced junior researchers in the field are likely to find the master class and its readings useful because of its analysis of the context of well known contributions and controversies surrounding landmark studies. The set of readings we present provides a broad, interdisciplinary perspective. Doing international organizational studies requires a certain degree of breadth, unlike most other fields of social science.

The master class is designed to be both a workshop where the participants discuss selected readings guided by the facilitators as well as a conference where the participants present a piece of their own research often related to their PhD project. Feedback on these presentations is an important part of the master class. The participants will have access to selected readings in time to prepare for the workshop. Participants are expected to send in questions, reflections or general remarks prior to the workshop. The facilitators will organize the discussion in part around this input.

The content of the workshop is divided into four major sections. The first section deals with universality and cultural specificity.  We attempt to answer the overall question: why should we include culture in organizational and management research?

The second section describes the projects that started up the field. It deals with basic social science theory and early international organizational studies. Readings derive from emerging anthropology, sociology and psychology as well as international organizational studies until 1980.  We attempt to answer the question: how and why was culture studied in international organizational studies of management and what was the status of the field in 1980?

The third section covers Hofstede’s Culture’s Consequences project and reactions to it. Hofstede’s project (1980, 2001) is considered pivotal to the field as it provided a substantial degree of structure and basis for subsequent national level research and application which at times has been overused and even abused. A careful reading of Hofstede's work is essential to any scholarship that deals with organizations, cross-cultural management and national culture.  This section attempts to answer the question: what did the paradigm introduced by the Culture’s Consequences project contribute to the field of international organizational studies of management?

The fourth section deals with alternatives within the paradigm of Culture’s Consequences by discussing alternative value dimension approaches and paradigm variants. This section deals with debates about studying culture dimensions and attempts to answer the question: what projects reflect the paradigm of Culture’s Consequence’s project and what have they contributed to the field of international organizational studies of management? To conclude, the workshop deals with current and future debates in order to outline what future research agendas may emerge.

During the facilitation the world class scholars will present results from new research projects for example a new dimension of cultural differences based on Michael Minkov’s analysis of the World Values Survey data. Moreover adjustments and additions to the Hofstede dimensions will presented based on  work presented in Hofstede, Hofstede, Minkov, 2010, Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind.  Revised and expanded 3rd Edition. Mark F. Peterson will discuss many new research findings regarding societal differences in social structures, within-nation regional variability, and cross cultural research methods with implications for organizations as well as new developments in the field based on his articles and his work with the Handbook of Cross Cultural Management Research.  Jan Gert Hofstede will present applications in cross cultural teaching and research.

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