International Business Research Forum*


*Organizers:  Masaaki Kotabe, Liesl Riddle, Petra Sonderegger, and Florian
*Conference - October 15, 2011*
*Manuscripts Due - June 30, 2011
*Temple University

Philadelphia, PA 19122



Significant scholarly attention in international business has been paid to
cross-border movements of financial capital through foreign direct
investment, portfolio investment, and international entrepreneurship. The
transnational flows of people and the different types of capital that they
possess has received lesser attention. Communication and transportation
innovations associated with globalization now enable migrants to stay in
contact with and visit their countries of origin more easily and cheaply
than ever before. This has given rise to the phenomenon of “diasporas,”
groups of emigrants who leave their countries of origin for a prolonged
period of time but still demonstrate a strong link with their migration
history and a sense of co-ethnicity with others of a similar background.

Diasporans often invest in their home countries through direct and portfolio
investment or through the establishment of new ventures in their
homelands. Diaspora
capital—human, social, and financial—may be a useful development resource
for migration-sending countries, many of which are among the most capital
needy in the world.  With the help of the Chinese diaspora, China has won
the race to become the world’s factory.  In a similar vein, with the help of
the Indian diaspora, India could become the world’s technology lab. Capital
from diaspora investment and entrepreneurship also has played an important
role in industrialized countries, such as Israel, Ireland, and Italy,
furthering economic growth and innovation.

Diaspora investment and entrepreneurship are now recognized as a new
frontier in the literature regarding foreign investment and developing
countries. This conference will bring together scholars from around the
world investigating this growing area of international business research.

The Research Forum encourages the submission of research aimed at
understanding the causes, processes, and impacts of diaspora investment and
entrepreneurship. Both theoretical and empirical pieces will be considered.
We are open to both quantitative and qualitative methodologies;
theory-building case studies are invited (teaching cases cannot be
considered). Possible areas of research inquiry include but are not limited

* *

*Impact of Diaspora Networks on Diaspora Investment and Entrepreneurship*.
Diasporas are often conceptualized as networks of people, and research on
diasporas builds on this notion and flows of and within such networks.
Networks help diasporans overcome various challenges such as language,
foreignness etc., that result in positive economic effects in the homeland,
such as the evolution of the IT industry in India. To what extent do
diasporan investors and entrepreneurs benefit from these networks and
knowledge about their country of origin markets?  To what extent—if at
all—do they suffer the liability of foreigness when operating in their
countries of origin?

* *

*Diaspora Investment Motivation**.*  Diaspora investment has been driven by
both pecuniary and non-pecuniary investment interests. More recent work has
examined the social and emotional motivations for diaspora investment in
conflict-affected countries. Why are diasporans interested in investing in
their countries of origin? To what extent do diaspora investment motivations
differ across country-of-origin contexts?

*The Process of Diaspora Investment and Entrepreneurship**.*  The process of
homeland investment is influenced by a host of factors such as altruism and
agency that can extend beyond family and close kin. Acculturation and
(re-)contextualization also are genuine factors that affect the context of
diaspora investment and entrepreneurship. What are the specific challenges
or advantages that diaspora investors and entrepreneurs face and to what
extent and why might these challenges or advantages differ from those faced
by non-diaspora investors and entrepreneurs?

*Diasporas and Multinational Enterprises*.  As employees of MNCs, some
diasporans play influential roles in the foreign-market entry
decision-making process, often encouraging their employers to at least
investigate the possibility of investing in the diasporan's country of
origin.  To what extent do diasporan managers employed by MNCs affect the
foreign-market location decisions made by their firms? Are MNCs' foreign
market entry mode choices affected by the opinions and/or involvement of
diasporan managers?

*Impact of Diaspora Investment and Entrepreneurship**.*  Diaspora
investment/entrepreneurship generates new jobs and increased income, turns
“brain drain” into “brain gain,” contributes to the diffusion of technology
and production knowledge, assists in the internationalization of domestic
firms, and stimulates foreign investment from non-diaspora sources. Are
there other economic, social, and/or political spillover effects that result
from this type of foreign investment and international entrepreneurship?

*Diasporas and Government Policy*.  Many diasporas themselves are organizing
to advocate for policy reforms to create stronger business-enabling
environments in their countries of origin. Some country-of-origin
governments are seeking creative ways of promoting diaspora investment.  The
positive development impact of diaspora investment and entrepreneurship for
migration-sending countries has been widely recognized by many in the policy
community, including the United Nations, the World Bank, and the US Agency
for International Development. To what extent are diasporas affecting
institutions and policy frameworks in their countries of origin? How can
government policy stimulate interest in and facilitate diaspora investment
and entrepreneurship? What challenges do they face in doing so?

*Manuscript Submission*:  The forum will consider proposals for research
presentations, panels and poster sessions. If you are submitting a panel,
please ask all panelists to email indicating that they will attend if the
panel is accepted. Manuscripts and panel proposals should be prepared in
accordance with *Journal of International Management’s* Style Guide for
Authors available at: All
manuscripts should be submitted electronically by *June 30, 2011, at: * Manuscripts are submitted with the
understanding that they are original, unpublished works and are not being
submitted elsewhere.  Please direct any questions regarding the research
forum to either of the co-chairs, Masaaki Kotabe ([log in to unmask]), *Liesl
Riddle ([log in to unmask]), Petra Sonderegger ([log in to unmask]), and
Florian Täube ([log in to unmask])*.  Additional information about
the* *Annual IB Research Forum may be found on our website at:<>
The best papers from the forum will be published in a Special Issue of
the *Journal
of International Management*.

Liesl Riddle, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of International Business & International Affairs
Co-Director, Diaspora Research Program:

The George Washington University
2201 G Street NW, Funger Hall Suite 401
Washington DC 20052
p. +1 202.994.1217
f. +1 202.994.7422

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